August 12, 2022

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News and reactions from the US and China

In recent years, tensions between the United States and China, two Major economic powers of the world, is growing and an island has become its constant symbol Competition: Taiwan.

Every gesture from Washington toward Taipei draws constant reactions from Beijing, and this year there have been several: the most recent being a possible visit by Speaker of the US House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi. to Taiwan.

China’s foreign ministry vowed to take “decisive and forceful measures” if they continue their journey.

Meanwhile Taiwan It has begun its annual Han Guang military exercisesIt lasts for a week and simulates an enemy invasion.

In May, the President of the United States, Joe Biden, had another tense situation. said In that context, if China intervenes in Taiwan, its country will respond militarily Russian invasion of Ukraine It has created Anxiety in Taipei to a possible similar move by Beijing.

“We agree with the One China policy. We signed it and all the deals on it were done from there, but the idea that it can be taken by force, taken by force is (just not) appropriate,” Biden said.

The tensions are a reminder of the decades-long animosity between the governments in Beijing and Taipei, with both sides historically claiming to be the rightful rulers of all parts of China, including Taiwan.

Watch this historic feud here.

Nationalist government

Taiwan’s official name, the Republic of China, was established in 1911 after the fall of China’s last imperial dynasty.

Under the rule of the Nationalist Party or Kuomintang (KMT) led by Chiang Kai-shek, the Republic of China had to contend with the advances of the Empire of Japan in the early 1930s and later during World War II. and the growing power of the Chinese Communists led by Mao Zedong.

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[FollowingJapan’sdefeatin1945theRepublicofChinaregainedTaiwanlostinthepreviouswarwiththeJapanesebutfouryearslaterin1949theCommunistPartymilitarydefeatedtheKuomintanginabloodycivilwaronthemainland[1945இல்ஜப்பானியதோல்வியைத்தொடர்ந்துசீனக்குடியரசுஜப்பானியர்களுடனானமுந்தையபோரில்சீனாஇழந்ததைவான்தீவைமீண்டும்பெற்றதுஆனால்நான்குஆண்டுகளுக்குப்பிறகு1949இல்கம்யூனிஸ்ட்கட்சிஇராணுவத்தால்பிரதானநிலப்பகுதியில்இரத்தக்களரிஉள்நாட்டுப்போரில்கோமிண்டாங்தோற்கடிக்கப்பட்டது

That same year Mao established the People’s Republic of China with its capital in Beijing.

When 1.2 million Chinese, mainly military, left for Taiwan with Chiang Kai-shek’s government, Assessments made by Taiwanese authoritiesand established themselves there after defeating a brief incursion by Communist troops on the island.

Mao’s forces, instead, extended their control over mainland China, and regarded Taiwan as a renegade province. “Indispensable part” At some point it will return to Beijing’s control.

Regional dispute, global tension

Separated by a strait, opposing ideological positions and historical conflict, the two Chinas – the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China – have remained together amid tensions despite partition. Traditions, culture and common languageMandarin Chinese.

This tension between Beijing and Taipei has always been attached to it The strained relationship between Beijing and Washington.

Read the full memo here.