Professors from North America presented the current situation in the region as a result of the epidemic COVID-19, And stressed that it was needed Strong political leadership And active in creating a new social contract ”.
In an article published in the prestigious Foreign Magazine on Friday, October 1, entitled “Latin America Needs a New Social Pact”, they referred to specific cases. Brazil, Chile, Mexico Oh Peru.
“Consider, for example, the return of voters to a poorly prepared external candidate The latest election in Peru, The fifth most populous country in Latin America, ”wrote George Costaseta, a professor of Latin American politics at New York University; And Forrest Colburn, who teaches at New York City University.
They recalled that about 20 people aspired for the presidency Peru No one got more than 20% of the vote in the first round. “Ten political parties won seats in the single-member assembly, and neither party came close to a majority,” they pointed out.
“The country’s political parties are little more than election vehicles. Their anodine names – Pere Libre, Fuerza Popular, Renaissance Popular – suggest a lack of ideological or planning commitment, ”they commented.
Experts, among them Costasida, Secretary of State for Foreign Relations Mexico From 2000 to 2003, they “policy Peru It may be more complicated than many Latin American countries, but its general ill health and lack of direction are representative of the region.
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They are brief The experience of President Pedro Castillo After mentioning the political instability of recent years. “The background to the election was threatening,” they added.
“Castillo’s victory was a clear denial of the country’s ‘establishment’. Apart from the political identity of social hatred, it is not clear what he stands for. ” They underlined.
Latin America is an epidemic
They mentioned such areas Latin AmericaWhen formal employment is very low compared to the general population, activities should be different from others.
“The reluctance of a powerful elite to contribute to the state treasury is, unfortunately, a persistent problem in Latin America. The most recent challenge is to negotiate what could be A new Cold War between the United States and China“, They pointed out.
They both pointed out Peru Countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay and Venezuela sell copper, iron ore, oil, soybeans and other raw materials to China, which has become their main trading partner.
They felt the need. “Find a solution to the rivalry between the United States and China“This will require political leadership. Unfortunately, political leadership is now scarce in Latin America.
Reasons for the Progress of Latin American Countries
The authors point out that history provides reasons for hope for social and economic recovery in Latin American countries.
In the examples they use to verify their claims, they point to the case of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). At the time, they accounted for 7% of the population Mexico He died and his economy deteriorated 20 years later. However, the nation then formed an inclusive party that provided political stability for more than four decades, from 1940 to 1982.
Another case Chile He recovered from the economic and political turmoil of socialism in Salvador Allende and the repressive regime of Augusto Pinochet.
“Countries may change. As the region begins to recover from a devastating epidemic, it is time for them to do it again,” concludes experts George Costasada and Forrest Colburn.
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