February 9, 2023

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Qatar 2022: Am I committing cybercrime by watching World Cup matches on unauthorized websites? | World Cup | Qatar | Spain | Mexico | Colombia | Technology

We must understand that The World Cup is an event that can only be broadcast by buying the rights from FIFA. That is, it is not a public event, as the same sports organization that hosts it is private. Even participating teams are, for example, part of a private organization such as the FPF. So, whatever we think, World Cup transmission is free and not free for any media.

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Is it a cyber crime to watch World Cup matches through live streaming websites?

According to Juan Mario Peña Flores, a lawyer specialized in criminal law and founding partner of Estudio Peña Abogados, we do not commit any kind of cybercrime by watching these contests. “I will not commit a criminal offenceAs the regulation imposes penalties for obtaining computer programs whenever it violates the security measures established to prevent it.“, he assures in an interview Trade.

Juan Mario Peña Flores, attorney specializing in criminal law and founding partner of Estudio Peña Abogados. | (Photo: Spread)

that is, If we only force access to any site, it means we are committing a cybercrime. For example, if we hack an account that has access to this type of content or attack a web page that legitimately sends this event. Additionally, using this type of website not only encourages digital piracy, but it also endangers our internet security because you never know where these links are redirecting us.

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However, if we were behind the website broadcasting the content, we would have committed cybercrime. “This is illegal and violates intellectual property rights. In our country, Indecopi blocked access to different websites in May 2021Adds Peña Flores.

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Section 39 of Legislative Decree 822 reads as follows: “No authority or natural or legal person may authorize the use of a work or other product protected by this Act, or provide support for such use, unless the user has the prior written authorization of the owner of the respective right., except in exceptional cases provided by law. In case of non-compliance, you will be jointly and severally liable”.

If you commit this type of crime, you will also be jailed. “In our Penal Code, in its article N° 217, the emission or transmission of a radio broadcast Imprisonment not exceeding 2 or 6 years and imprisonment for 30 to 90 days”, indicates the expert.

Although the use of these web pages to illegally retransmit content is not permitted, it encourages digital piracy.

Although the use of these web pages to illegally retransmit content is not permitted, it encourages digital piracy.

/ Pixabe

Why isn’t access to these web pages that retransmit content illegally shut down or blocked?

There is a difference between “blocking” and “blocking access” to these websites.. First, one judge decides the attack against the creators intellectual property / copyright, and the other is an order to the Internet providers.

Shutting down a web page is not easy for the Peruvian authorities. Thus, Indecopi, which is responsible for enforcing intellectual property rights, has started using blocks to prevent these websites from continuing to infringe copyright..

Indecopi has already ordered the blocking of websites used to broadcast sports events illegally. They were also called ‘Footbol Hoi’, ‘Tele Gratis’, ‘Roja Directa TV’, ‘Targeta Roja TV Online’ and ‘Televisa Gratis HD’.”, indicates Peña Flores.

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As mentioned earlier, these websites were blocked in May 2021, a milestone It is the first time that an authority in Latin America has blocked access to 17 websites that allow downloading of content or illegally broadcast sporting events..

147 web pages were blocked in July 2022. A big leap forward for INDECOPI as the move was being prepared before it was blocked by Covid-19. “This critical group of 147 websites has been around for more or less two years, starting before the pandemic.. High impact sites with a large number of users logged in”, pointed out Fausto Vienrich, copyright director of INDECOPI Trade Inside .

Fighting against digital piracy can be very difficult because these websites often change addresses to avoid legal issues in each country. For example, if one of them previously ended in ‘.nz’, the next day it ends in ‘.pe’. This means that Officials have to monitor thousands and thousands of web pages practically every day.

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Likewise, There are “duplicates”, two web pages with the same name, but with different addresses. For example, one of the best-known cases is Kiwana. This website was created in Argentina and is currently blocked in Peru. However, there are Cuevana, Cuevana3, Cuevana Storm, etc. That is, it is no longer one web page, but several at the same time.

So, blocking access to every page is not that easy. All of these do not host content, but only redirect: so-called ‘linking’. Further, Our authorities cannot arbitrarily order a blockadeBecause these websites must have great traffic in Peru, which means important research to do so.