October 7, 2022

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US Summit Live in US | Joe Biden praises the power of democracies as he opens the US summit without any events | Los Angeles | AMLO | Mexico | Cuba | Peter Castle | Peru | The world

President of the United States, This Wednesday he tried to create unity among the participants It was marked by its decision to exclude Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua, which led to the absence of significant leaders from other countries. Without directly mentioning the origin of the controversy – the veto of three countries he does not consider democratic – Biden turned his speech at the beginning of the summit into a pro-democracy plea, which, he said, is “attacking” the world.

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“Together we will renew our belief that democracy is not only a defining aspect of American history, but an essential element of future Americans.” Asked the US President at the opening ceremony The IX Summit of the United States was held in Los Angeles.

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Regional controversy

The news sought to revive a meeting that had begun sluggishly Mexican presidents, in the absence of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador; Bolivian, Louis Ars; And Honduran, Siomara Castro; Among others.

They all decided to send their respective foreign ministers to their place, protesting against the decision not to invite the United States. Cuba, Venezuela Y Nicaragua On the basis that they do not conform to the democratic values ​​of the summit.

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The Summit of the United StatesLaunched by the United States with a meeting in Miami in 1994, it did not include Cuba in its first editions, but the island participated in the last two events, Panama in 2015 and Peru in 2018.

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US President Joe Biden and First Lady Jill Biden congratulate Peruvian President Pedro Castillo and First Lady Lilia Paredes on attending the US Summit.  (Jim Watson / AFP)
US President Joe Biden and First Lady Jill Biden congratulate Peruvian President Pedro Castillo and First Lady Lilia Paredes on attending the US Summit. (Jim Watson / AFP)

That last summit was marked by Peru’s decision not to invite Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro.But this is the first time the three countries have been excluded from the event, which takes place every three or four years, and its ambition is regional integration.

“There is no reason why the American continent should not be safe, prosperous and democratic, from the north of Canada to the south of Chile. We have all the tools we need. ”Insisted பிடன் In his speech.

“We all have to be”

Not long ago, many of those present at the meeting reiterated their disagreement on this decision United States In parallel with the summit: Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Eford called on Washington to promote “another type of relationship in the United States” based on “mutual respect”.

“(This) was already discussed 10 years ago in the Cartagena de India (Colombia) in 2012, and it was decided (in conclusion) that Cuba would be called, which took place in Panama (2015)”Ephraim defended.

In the same vein, Honduran Foreign Minister Eduardo Enrique Raina stressed: “We all have to work, but we all have to”, implying the veto against some countries.

For deficiencies derived from exclusion Cuba, Venezuela Y Nicaragua Two presidents who did not travel to Los Angeles due to poor relations with the United States have been added: Guatemala, Alejandro Chiamate; And Salvador, Naib Bukele.

As a result, at a summit where migration is one of the most important issues, the United States does not have the leaders of the countries of origin of the major migration flow: Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Cuba and Venezuela.

US President Joe Biden addresses the opening ceremony of the US IX Summit in Los Angeles, California.  (EFE / Alberto Valdes).
US President Joe Biden addresses the opening ceremony of the US IX Summit in Los Angeles, California. (EFE / Alberto Valdes).

Towards the new relocation agreement

Above all, Biden promised that the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration, to be signed on Friday, would enable all countries on the continent to express a “new approach” to accepting their “responsibility.”

“This declaration reflects the commitment of all to find a just solution and to improve stability.” Said the US President.

பிடன் He stressed that irregular immigration was “unacceptable” at a time when the influx of undocumented immigrants into the United States was increasing the unprecedented number of Cubans in the north for nearly three decades.

While not developing new trade agreements, the president announced a mechanism to promote regional economic integration and mitigate the effects of the Kovit-19 epidemic on the economy.

In addition, Biden proposed reform of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDP), which aims to increase the private sector’s contribution to the continent’s development.

As his country hosted the last summit in Lima in 2018, his speech took place at an opening ceremony packed with concerts, of which only Pedro Castillo of Peru spoke.

“This site (…) is again a valuable management tool that translates from words to actions,” Castillo said of the summit system, without mentioning the controversy.

Castillo made an accusation against corruption, although accusations arose about him in his home country, and he ended the speech with the phrase “America for Americans,” which historically linked to the “Monroe doctrine” and opened a strong American chapter. Intervention in Latin America.