Russian invasion Ukraine Has provoked the intentions of Finland Y SwedenDespite the ongoing tensions between Moscow and Washington, the two countries have maintained a neutral position for decades. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
However, a barrier arose within the organization when it appeared that the Nordic nations were paving the way for an alliance across the Atlantic.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has rejected the inclusion Sweden Y Finland To do OTANHe argued that the two countries were operating as “terrorist nests” and that at least as long as they continued in that order he could not see them as military allies.
“How to trust them? Sweden is an archive for terrorist organizations Turkey”, He said on Monday Erdogan. This is just one of many news items released by the Turkish president since Sweden and Finland announced their intention to join the coalition.
The Turkish vote was decisive from the addition of new members OTAN It is administered under the consensus pillar of its members. If Ankara does not grant permission, the remaining 29 countries’ support for Swedish and Finnish accession will be ineffective.
One of the leading advertisers entering the United States Sweden Y Finland To do OTANBelieves that differences between countries can be resolved through diplomatic means.
However, the Turkish position seems to be ironclad. Erdogan himself has said so.It does no goodRepresentatives from Sweden and Finland will travel to Ankara on Monday to discuss the issue.
“They are not going to hand over the terrorists, but they are asking you to join NATO. We can not say ‘yes’ to losing the security of this security system.”
Hardness between Turkey, Sweden Y Finland They are not new. Since the 1980s, Ankara has isolated Stockholm as a safe haven for terrorist suspects.
In the last five years, more, Turkey It has repeatedly called on both governments to deport dozens of members of the political asylum-seeking Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and the Fetullah Terrorist Organization (FETO).
Ankara considers both the PKK and the FETO to be terrorist organizations and points to them for promoting the 2016 coup attempt and continued attacks on civilians.
However, the rough edges Turkey They reach not only northern Europe but the rest of the EU OTAN. It was mainly its role in the Syrian civil war, Russian arms purchases and support for Azerbaijan during the Nagorno-Karabakh war.
“Turkey bought Russian weapons, which annoyed then-President Trump, who ended up vetoing the purchase and sale of F-35 war-monger bombs from Ankara (by 2020) as he buys Russian weapons.”, Comments Trade International researcher Francesco Ducy.
In 2019, moreover, both Sweden How Finland Imposed sanctions against Turkey For their participation in the Syrian conflict, on the side of Bashar al-Assad and for supporting Russia. “Eliminate terrorists”Of popular security units (YPGs) established near its borders.
Terrorists or not?
“The classic example of a territory without territory is the Kurdish case, which is divided into Turkey, Syria, Iran, Iraq and Armenia,” said Francesco Ducy.
In Turkey, the Kurds are mainly a group under the PKK, which has been waging a guerrilla war against the government since 1984, demanding the liberation of its territory. The organization is considered a terrorist by both the European Union and the United States.
In Syria, however, there is the YPG, an armed group that fought against the regime of Bashar al-Assad during the civil war and had the support of the United States and its allies.
In the case of Turkey, the PKK and the YPG are groups, but have bases in different regions. As for the United States and the European Union, the latter are not considered terrorists.
Both Sweden and Finland have asked the EU to remove the PKK from the list of terrorist organizations.
Another organization that appears in conflict situations is FETO. The leader of the group, Fedullah Gulen, was a Turkish imam who had been deported to the United States since 1999 and was the instigator of the July 15, 2016 coup attempt against Erdogan.
Shortly afterwards, 251 people were killed and 2,734 wounded in an uprising suppressed by Erdogan’s forces.
“This is related to the fact that many countries do not consider groups as terrorists like Ankara. Because Turkey has a strong repression and many countries are strongly critical of it.”, According to Ducy.
It should be noted that Sweden Y Finland They have been selected not only by the countries accused of terrorism in Turkey, but also by countries in our region, including Peru. In the most recent case, Boris la Torre Carrasco, brother-in-law of the late Shining Bath leader Abimelez Guzman, was arrested in Spain in 2017 and returned to Sweden.
La Torre Carrasco, along with her brother, her father and her sister, are considered centrists by the Peruvian judiciary and remain refugees in Sweden.
“But it did not happen in those countries alone. Let us remember that in the 1960s and 1970s many left-wing terrorists, like the Italian Red Army, took refuge in countries like France. Depending on the perception that these countries have about these groups, they are considered to be freedom fighters of the oppressed people. We also had a problem in Italy when Abdullah Okalan, one of the leaders of the Kurdish separatists who carried out the attacks in Turkey, was given practical shelter.”, Doosey notes.
The researcher points out that there is no special law in these countries to protect these defendants, but there is another opinion.
“The problem is very political, they are countries that offer different guarantees. For this reason, many countries in northern Europe were chosen by these people to seek political asylum.“, To explain.
“This is not just the case in Sweden and Finland. Many left-wing terrorists have taken refuge in countries such as France since the 1960s and ’70s.
Erdogan’s words seem to show that Turkey will not give up on its decision to block Sweden and Finland from joining NATO. However, Ducy is optimistic about the power of negotiations in this case.
“While the official position may seem like a wall, I think there will be a negotiation behind the scenes”, He promises.
According to the analyst, Ankara’s goal in this speech is to reap the greatest potential benefits from both the European Union and the United States in exchange for its vote.
“Unlocking is possible. Erdogan raises the consensus price, he wants to negotiate good conditions. Turkey has caused problems in relations with the European Union and NATO countries. The thought of entering the European Union at the turn of the century is now paralyzed and it is not going to happen. Essentially, Erdogan wants a series of concessions in his favor. That’s why I think there is room for negotiation, the price goes up”, The expert points out.
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